Medicare Changes

28 Nov 2018

Gae Nuttall

by Ms Gae Nuttall

Stethoscope with charts

From 1 November 2018, changes were introduced to the Medicare Benefits Schedule (MBS) that will affect a number of specialists, including GPs, respiratory physicians, dermatologists, gastroenterologists, renal physicians, spinal surgeons, ophthalmologists, endocrine surgeons, urologists and gynaecologists.

The changes include:

  • Sleep studies – new set of items for sleep studies; GPs who refer patients directly for a diagnostic sleep study must use approved assessment tools
  • Respiratory function tests – changes to office based spirometry items; amended items for complex lung function tests
  • Knee MRIs - GPs unable to refer patients >50 years for knee MRIs under Medicare 
  • Dermatology and allergy items – consolidation of cryotherapy items; expansion of items and requirements for Mohs surgery; restructure of skin sensitivity testing items
  • Gastroenterology – reduction in MBS fee for capsule endoscopy
  • Renal medicine – new item numbers for dialysis supervision in very remote areas; amendments to peritoneal dialysis
  • Spinal surgery – revised spinal surgery items, replacement of the previous schedule of 76 spinal surgery services with 60 new MBS items
  • Ophthalmology – changes to items for optical coherence tomography, minimally invasive glaucoma surgery and trichiasis 
  • Endocrine surgery – consolidation of thyroidectomy item numbers
  • Idiopathic overactive bladder treatment – new items for percutaneous tibial nerve stimulation.

You can find detailed information about the changes here.


These changes relate to most doctors and came into effect on 1 July 2018:

  • Record keeping - a requirement for doctors to keep copies of documents that were created as a condition of claiming a MBS item such as Mental Health Plans or Chronic Disease Management Plans. This also includes a ‘Notice to Produce’ addition to produce these documents if requested to do so by the Department to substantiate an MBS claim 
  • Debt recovery - changes made to strengthen debt recovery arrangements for practitioners who owe money to the Commonwealth from a compliance activity
  • Medicare provider number application form changes - new applications now require details about a practitioner’s employer or contracting organisation e.g. ABN, business name and type.

Changes scheduled for 1 July 2019:

  • Shared Debt Recovery Scheme – enables the Department to hold an employing or contracting organisation responsible for a portion of any debts incurred as a result of incorrect Medicare claiming; that is, not only the practitioner who ‘owns’ the provider number.

This blog contains general information only. We recommend you contact your medical defence organisation or insurer when you require specific advice in relation to medico-legal matters.



My Career Journey with Dr Nick Coatsworth

Dr Nick Coatsworth is an expert in health policy, public administration and a practising infectious diseases physician. He held a national role in the Australian response to COVID-19 as Deputy Chief Medical Officer of Australia, becoming one of the most recognised medical spokespeople during the pandemic. Nick engaged the Australian community through a variety of media platforms most notably as the spearhead of the national COVID-19 vaccination campaign. Dr Micheal Gannon, Obstetrician & Gynaecologist, sits down with Dr Nick Coatsworth to discuss Nick's medical career journey, and what insights and advice he has for junior doctors. MDA National would like to acknowledge the contributions of MDA National staff, Members, friends and colleagues in the production of the podcast and note that this work is copyright. Apart from any use permitted under applicable copyright law, you may not reproduce the content of this podcast without the permission of MDA National. This podcast contains generic information only, is intended to stimulate thought and discussion, and doesn’t account for requirements of any particular individual. The content may contain opinions which are not necessarily those of MDA National. We recommend that you always contact your indemnity provider when you require specific advice in relation to your insurance policy or medico-legal matters. MDA National Members need to contact us for specific medico-legal advice on freecall 1800 011 255 or email We may also refer you to other professional services.


09 Jun 2022

Career complications and contending with uncertainty

Among the many challenges of the COVID-19 pandemic for junior doctors is how to respond to medical training impacts and career uncertainty. In this podcast, Dr Caroline Elton (a psychologist who specialises in helping doctors)and Dr Benjamin Veness (a Psychiatry registrar) share advice for coping with medical training and career delays, disruptions and unknowns.


10 Aug 2020